Those who can bring revolution of ideas and bring transformation in the
The history tells us that the writers and poets of a country can bring a revolution. The Russian and
French revolutions are the best examples of that. In India also, these people aroused the patriotic spirit and
emboldened the people to fi ght for their freedom. Th ere has been a good number of Sikh writers and poets
also who hold a unique position in the history of Indian literature. Th ose writers have written in Punjabi,
Hindi, English and some other Indian languages also. So far our mother tongue Punjabi is concerned. Th e
writers like Bhai Veer Singh (great poet), Professor Puran Singh (poet and prose writer), Professor Mohan
Singh (poet), S. Gurbux Singh Preetlari (prose and short stories writer), S. Nanak Singh (father of Punjabi
novel), Amrita Pritam (poetess), S. Kartar Singh Duggal (versatile writer) and S. Gurdayal Singh (Gyanpeeth
winner) are so well known that their works have been translated into other Indian languages. Some Hindi
movies have been based on the novels of S. Nanak Singh (e.g. Pavitra Papi). Whereas Amrita Pritam was
honoured with Gyanpeeth for her autobiography in 1982. S. Gurdayal Singh has been honoured with this
highest literary award in 1999 for his works.
S. Kartar Singh Duggal who was a member of Rajya Sabha has written not only in Punjabi but also in
Hindi. His famous novel "Ab Na Bason Eh Gaon" (I will live in this village no more) has captured hearts
of not only the Indians but also people of Pakistan as both had suff ered the pangs of partition which fi nd
expression in this novel. Th e writer has given poetic touches at many places. His following verses touch the
very core of heart.
Th e eyes on that side are wet
Th e eyes on this side are drenched
Th e eyelids fl utter and remind
Someone remembers someone.
Th ere are other Sikh writers also, who have written both in Punjabi and Hindi. Th ey include Dr. Mahip
Singh and Dr. Harbhajan Singh. Dr. Mahip Singh was honoured by Savitri Foundation and International
Hindi Smiti in October 2002. Dr. Harbhajan Singh was conferred Saraswati Sanman for his work "Rukh Te
Rishi" in 1994. Th e second Punjabi writer to get this honour was Dr. Dalip Kaur Tiwana, who was conferred
Saraswati award 2001 of K.K. Birla Foundation for her novel 'Katha Kaho Urvashi' (Punjabi) by former
Prime Minister I.K. Gujral on August 5, 2002 in New Delhi. Sikhs have also written profusely in English
and Urdu. For example, S. Khushwant Singh has always been considered as one of the best Indian writers
in English language. His truthful and bold works include his novel "Train to Pakistan", "History of Sikhs"
and his autobiography, named "Truth, Love and a little malice". He was recently, again in news when his
latest novel namely "Burial at Sea" was released in a function in New Delhi. Th ere have been a good number
of Sikhs who wrote in Urdu. S. Rajinder Singh Bedi, a prominent name in fi lm industry as a Producer,
Director and Writer was an outstanding writer in Urdu. Th e stories written by him in this language became
so prominent (Bhola, Garam Coat) that he came to be recognized as a writer of repute. Whereas he wrote
stories for certain well known fi lms like Mirza Ghalib and Anupama, some fi lms were made, based upon his
earlier written stories like Ek Chadar Maili Si and Garam Coat. Apart from prose and poetry Sikhs have also
excelled in other genres of literature. We have selected some prominent writers and poets of the present day
for this category of our role models.